Difference between Basmati and Non-Basmati Rice: Everything you need to know

19 May, 2023

Rice, a globally eaten staple food, is available in a variety of varieties that are cherished and appreciated in various cultures. Basmati rice and non-basmati rice differ significantly in terms of flavors, textures, and fragrances.

Long, medium, or short grains determine whether rice is classified as long, medium, or short. In addition, rice can have a range of textures, including fluffy, buttery, and glutinous. Also variable in color, rice can be brown, white, or red.

These distinct characteristics, such as grain length, texture, and color, play a significant role in determining the use of various rice varieties in recipes, the suitability of rice for particular dishes, and the cooking methods employed. Different cuisines throughout the globe favor distinct rice varieties, which they incorporate into their traditional dishes.

Both basmati and non-basmati rice has a special place in the hearts of consumers among the vast variety of rice. Rice is most adaptable and is used for a variety of dishes and occasions. However, each type of rice possesses distinctive characteristics that distinguish them from one another.

In this blog, we will discuss types of Basmati rice and non- basmati rice, and also will share the exact differences between Basmati rice and Non-Basmati rice.

What is Basmati Rice?

Basmati rice is an aromatic, long-grain rice indigenous to the Indian subcontinentBasmati rice is known as the Queen of Scents because of its alluring aroma, which enhances the tastes and flavor of dishes. It is popular for its distinct aroma, exquisite flavor, long grains and fluffy consistency. Basmati rice is highly regarded for its superior quality and is one of the finest varieties of rice in the world.

Basmati rice is cultivated in the foothills of the Himalayas. Yamuna and Ganga, two rivers, nourish paddy produce. This long and slender rice has a flavorful, creamy texture. The aroma and fragrance are intensified through the aging process.

Basmati rice, like all other types of rice, is available in both white and brown varieties, depending on the milling process. This rice has longer grains than other varieties. It becomes longer rather than glutinous when cooked. The aroma of cooked basmati rice is readily identifiable. There is no other rice in the world that combines these characteristics.

Types of Basmati Rice

  • Traditional basmati rice
  • P3 Punjab
  • Type III Uttar Pradesh
  • Hbc-19 Safidon
  • 386 Haryana 
  • Kasturi (Baran, Rajasthan)
  • Muradabadi Basmati 6465
  • Basmati 198
  • Basmati 217
  • Basmati 370 Bihar
  • Kasturi
  • Mahi suganda
  • Pusa 1121
  • Pusa 1718
  • Pusa 1509
  • Pusa 1692
  • Pusa 1637
  • Pusa 1401.
  • Sharbati basmati rice

Roots of Basmati Rice

Basmati rice has a long history in the Indian subcontinent, where it has been grown for thousands of years. The name “Basmati” comes from the Sanskrit word “vasmati,” which meaning “fragrant.” Basmati rice was first mentioned in the sixth century AD.

Basmati rice was largely cultivated in the Himalayan foothills, in present-day India and Pakistan. Rice was traditionally farmed without the use of chemical fertilizers or pesticides using sustainable farming practices. To harvest rice, the farmers relied on natural resources such as river water and monsoon rainfall.

Basmati rice cultivation was not restricted to the Indian subcontinent; it was also farmed in neighboring nations such as Iran, Iraq, and Afghanistan. In reality, Basmati rice was originally called “Iranian rice” since it was exported from India to Persia.

What is Non-Basmati Rice?

Non Basmati rice is any rice variety that is not basmati rice. Rice variants include short-grain, medium-grain, and long-grain rice. 

Non-basmati rice is grown in the Indian subcontinent’s southern areas. These rice varieties are grown in the states of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, and Kolkata. The surface of this rice is sticky. However, after cooking, it can be soft and fragrant depending on the type. 

It is known as a complete food that can be used in a variety of ways to add flavor to any recipe. This rice contains amylopectin, a starchy protein that induces stickiness. The individual grains stay together after cooking, which is why it is utilized in a variety of cuisines.

China, Thailand, Japan, and the United States are among the countries that grow and eat non-Basmati rice. It is a versatile rice that may be found in many different cuisines, including Chinese, Thai, and Japanese.

Types of Non-Basmati Rice

  • Sona Masoori
  • Jeera Samba
  • 100 Broken Rice
  • Ponni Rice
  • IR 64 Rice
  • IR 8 Rice
  • Matta Rice
  • Idly / Kranti Rice
  • PR11 non-basmati rice
  • PR14 non-basmati rice
  • Parmal non-basmati rice
  • Round non-basmati rice

Difference between Basmati and Non-Basmati Rice

There are several differences between basmati and non-basmati rice based on different aspects.

Aspect Basmati Rice Non Basmati Rice
Grain Length Long grains with an average length of 6-7mm. Varied grain lengths including short, medium, and long grains ranging from 2-7mm.
Aroma Unique and pleasant aroma Less or neutral aroma compared to Basmati rice. The aroma varies based on the specific variety.
Texture Delicate and fluffy texture with separate grains when cooked properly. Varies based on the variety. Some are slightly sticky when cooked while others have a firmer texture.
Flavor Mild flavor that enhances the overall dish without overpowering other flavors. Neutral flavor that absorbs the flavors of accompanying ingredients.
Culinary Uses Commonly used in biryani, pulao, and fried rice. Complements Indian, Middle Eastern, and Persian cuisines. Used in various cuisines and dishes. Jasmine rice in Thai and Southeast Asian cuisines, Arborio rice in Italian cuisine (risotto), brown rice as a healthier alternative.
Origin Primarily cultivated in the Indian subcontinent, particularly in India and Pakistan. Basmati rice is mainly produced in J&K, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand, and western Uttar Pradesh. Cultivated in various countries worldwide, including China, Thailand, Japan, the United States, and others. In India, Non-basmati rice is mainly produced in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Assam.
Popularity Globally recognized for its quality. Preferred by rice connoisseurs. Popularity varies depending on the region and variety. Some Non Basmati rice varieties like Jasmine rice or Arborio rice have gained significant popularity.
Price Generally higher price due to demand and premium quality. Price varies depending on the variety, with some Non-Basmati rice varieties being more expensive than other Basmati rice types.

Rice Exports from India

India plays a significant role in rice trade, exporting a wide variety of rice to many other nations. India’s rice is one of the most valuable commodities in international trade. The country’s rich farmland, mild climate, and cutting-edge farming methods all combine to produce rice of exceptional quality, which is in high demand around the world.

India is now one of the world’s leading rice exporters, thanks to years of consistent growth in that sector. Both Basmati and non-Basmati rice varieties are available in the country to meet the needs of a wide range of foreign customers. 

India now sends millions of tonnes of rice to countries on every continent every year, and this number is only expected to grow. In 2021–22, India shipped out an all-time-high 21.21 million tonnes (mt) of rice valued at $9.66 billion. That included 17.26 mt of non-basmati (worth $6.12 billion) and 3.95 mt ($3.54 billion) of basmati rice.

It is essential for buyers of Indian rice to work with exporters who have a proven track record and solid footing in the industry. 

EXPORA is an end-to-end solution provider for your rice export and import needs. With our presence across geographies, you get the benefits of demand generation, seamless compliance management, integrated logistics, timely delivery, assured quality and transparent payments. Whether you are an existing rice Exporter, a Manufacturer, or a Brand aspiring to expand globally, we are here to fuel your growth.


Today, Basmati rice is known as one of the finest rice kinds in the world, and its cultivation is governed by stringent quality requirements. It is frequently used in many different cuisines, and its popularity shows no signs of waning.

When it comes to aroma, texture, and flavor, Basmati rice and Non Basmati rice are two distinct varieties of rice. Basmati rice is a type of aromatic long-grain rice that is highly regarded for its subtle taste, light texture, and alluring fragrance. 

However, non-basmati rice encompasses several different types of rice that are not basmati and that have different grain lengths. Basmati and non-basmati rice are both adaptable ingredients that can be used in a wide range of recipes.


Is basmati rice healthy?

If you think rice is just rice, Well it’s not. Basmati rice is superior to regular rice. Basmati is both gluten-free and low in fat. It has no cholesterol and is very low in sodium. It also contains all eight essential amino acids.

Which rice is healthier: Basmati or Jasmine?

There are three main reasons why basmati rice is a better option for your health than jasmine rice: it has more nutrients, it contains less arsenic, and it has a lower glycemic index.

What is so special about basmati rice?

Basmati rice is low in salt and includes all eight necessary amino acids. It’s cholesterol-free and has a moderate glycemic index, both of which contribute to a more even flow of energy throughout the day.

Why is basmati rice more expensive than normal rice?

Basmati is still one of the most expensive types of rice grown worldwide. This is because of the crop’s relative fragility and the necessity of preserving heirloom grain varieties. The high demand all around the world attests to the quality of our long-grain, thin, and soft grains.

Who is the largest exporter of rice?

As of 2021-22, India exported the most rice in the world, at 21.21 million metric tonnes. 

EXPORA exports a wide range of rice to UAE, GCC, Africa, UK, USA. Be assured of quality, competitive prices and timely delivery. Reach out to us to place orders at contact@expora.in

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